Political India

The Encyclopedia of Indian Politics !!

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Political System of India



Politics in India  takes place within the framework of a Constitution. India is a federal parliamentary democratic republic in which the President of India is head of state and the Prime Minister of India is the head of government. Nominally, executive power is exercised by the president and is independent of the legislature. 

Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of the Parliament of India, the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha. Federal and state elections generally take place within a multi-party system, although this is not enshrined in law.



The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature, the

highest national court being the Supreme Court of India. India is the

world's largest democracy in terms of citizenry.


India is as a nation has been labelled as a "sovereign socialist secular democratic republic" which is "egalitarian secular". Like the United States, India has had a federal form of government since it adopted its constitution. However, the central government in India has greater power in relation to its states, and its central government is patterned after the British parliamentary system. The central government has the power to dismiss state governments under specific constitutional clauses or incase no majority party or coalition is able to form a government. The central government can also impose direct federal rule known as president's rule (or central rule). 




Local Governance:


Locally, the Panchayati Raj system has several administrative functions and authorities.

On April 24, 1993, the Constitutional (73rd Amendment) Act, 1992 came into force to provide constitutional status to the Panchayati Raj institutions. This Act was extended to Panchayats in the tribal areas of eight States, namely Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and Rajasthan from 24 December 1996.



The Act aims to provide 3-tier system of Panchayati Raj for all States having population of over 2 million, to hold Panchayat elections regularly every 5 years, to provide reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Women, to appoint State Finance Commission to make recommendations as regards the financial powers of the Panchayats and to constitute District Planning Committee to prepare draft development plan for the district.


Indian Politics, the best thing if you understand it and probably the worst if you do not but in any case you have no right to criticize it !!

-Neel Preet

politicalindia.webs.com

 

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